Here’s some frequently asked questions as a test. Click on the ‘+’ to reveal the answers.
- What is the extent of the problem of slavery?
It is impossible to put an accurate figure on slavery but the best global estimate, the Global Estimates of Modern Slavery report, says there are more than 40 million people are enslaved today. It is a global crime, affecting almost every country and to the criminal networks responsible, it is is worth tens of billions of dollars every year.
It is estimated that a little under half of all people in modern slavery are in India (18.3 million). This is the highest number of slaves in any country and 4th highest prevalence rate relative to population. 1 in 4 slaves globally are children, meaning over 4.5 million children in India are likely to be enslaved.
In the UK, the latest figures are roughly 11,700, but the anti-slavery commissioner puts it as much higher.
- What’s the difference between human trafficking and modern slavery? You seem to talk about both.
Slavery is the exploitation of an individual through force or compulsion. Trafficking is the movement of an individual for exploitation.
- Isn't the main issue one of demand?
Absolutely, demand is a really important factor. We do need to change attitudes, cultures and behaviours. That is one aspect.
We also need to save people who are in slavery. We cannot wait until we change attitudes to save people. It is the here and now.
Slavery is extremely complex and therefore requires a complex response. It is going to be ended in the long term through a multi-pronged approach. This involves undermining the business model of slavery, changing legislation, saving lives.
- What are your overall objectives?
Our overall objective is to end slavery. However, whilst we have an ultimate goal to end slavery, we intend to see it begin to reduce within five years.
In order to do this, we need to focus and we cannot operate in every country in the world. We are currently focused on South Asia, where 50% of the problem is. We are also working in the UK and the Netherlands because there is some serious low hanging fruit.
This involves groundbreaking operational work (saving lives) and working with the State to achieve systemic change (breaking the grip of crime).
- Is Justice and Care one charity or a collection of charities?
Justice and Care is not one charity, but a global partnership of charities based in the UK, Netherlands, India and the US. Our Bangladesh operations are also in the process of becoming independent. This is a highly effective strategy.
We have to obey the law in the countries we operate in, so the various entities we set up both manage risk and ensure that we can be most effective in our own countries.
We also believe that, as slavery is a local issue, it demands a local response. We empower local organisations who then work together on a global level. You are viewing the website of the US charity.
- How large is the team?
We have around 200 staff globally. We employ a range of staff from lots of different backgrounds including social workers, former police officers, lawyers, researchers, development and policy experts. All are focussed on setting every captive free, bringing every perpetrator to justice.
- Why is the largest part of your work in India?
We started working in India because it is the global epicentre of human trafficking and modern slavery, with the highest number of people in slavery (18.3 million – 2017 ILO/Walk Free Foundation Report). If you can make it work in India then you can make it work anywhere.
However, we never wanted it to remain an Indian operation. We are now starting operational work in Europe, bringing our expertise to hotspots around the world.
- How does Justice and Care work on the ground with other organisations?
We work with other organisations, statutory and non-statutory, across our work. This includes working with community based organisations to prevent trafficking, with government and privately run shelter homes and with educational institutions in regards to research. We also partner with technical skills development organisations to integrate their services within our aftercare programs.
- This problem is enormous and you hardly make a dent. What makes you think Justice and Care can make a tangible difference?
On a micro level, thousands of children have been taken from hell on earth to life. We have the results and evidence, and we have also looked into their eyes.
On a macro level, we have worked with authorities and seen them take real ownership of the issue – working together, for example, to take out whole networks of criminals responsible for the crime.
We are rolling out systemic change where we work. For example, on International Women’s Day the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, launched nationally a unique course we have developed to access national skill development programmes. We know that one NGO cannot solve the whole problem, so our focus on systemic change is key.
An example of this is our Child Friendly Court work. We were able to trial it in India and now we are seeing the courts being rolled out across the country. This wide-reaching impact is what we are working towards.
- Do you honestly believe you can end slavery?
We believe we can see an end to slavery and that we can have a critical role in ending it. To do so, it will take non-profits working with governments, police forces, businesses and others. We can do it together.