Modern slavery and exploitation can take many forms. Some of the most common are:

Child marriage

Child marriage can be used as part of the trafficking process, where children are married and then disappear.  It can also be used by men to exploit children, using them as domestic servants and sex slaves with one exploiter. 

I was only 10, he was 55.  He already had two wives, and as the third I was expected to look after his goats and cows.  Nine months later, because I had still not given him a baby, he began tasking me with all the difficult jobs.

Criminal exploitation

This is where victims are forced into criminality such as carrying drugs, theft and benefit fraud. 

We’d be driven to different street corners to sell cocaine, and one of the guys would stand behind us with a gun, collecting the cash.

Domestic Servitude

Where victims are forced to work in people’s homes with little or no money and restricted freedom.  They can be used to clean, cook and look after children – often all of these things. 

They worked me all day, from sunrise to sunset.  They beat and abused me.’


This is when people are forced, coerced or inadequately rewarded for physical work.  We often see this happening in factories, agriculture, construction, nail bars and hand carwashes.

We were forced to work up to 22 hours a day, even when we were sick. Two of the people I worked with died from exhaustion.

Organ Harvesting

Victims are trafficked for their internal organs, sold often to the highest Western bidder. 

There were 20 to 25 other persons sitting. I was told to shut up and be quiet and sit there. About 10 minutes later, the agent arrived and said get ready as I was going for a test.  They wanted to test my kidney.

Sexual exploitation

Victims are forced to perform sexual acts including in brothels, people’s homes and through online abuse. 

Men would come in, often smelling of alcohol.  They would touch me all over and rape me.’